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CLC number: TS207.3

On-line Access: 2012-01-18

Received: 2011-04-25

Revision Accepted: 2011-08-30

Crosschecked: 2012-01-08

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2012 Vol.13 No.2 P.94-102

doi: 10.1631/jzus.B1100137


Survey of antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry in Nanjing


Author(s):  Wu-yang Huang, Hong-cheng Zhang, Wen-xu Liu, Chun-yang Li

Affiliation(s):  1.Department of Functional Food and Bioactive Compounds, Institute of Farm Product Processing, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China; Bee Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100093, China; College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China

Corresponding email(s):  lichunyang968@hotmail.com

Key Words:  Berries, Antioxidants, Phenolics, Flavonoids, Anthocyanidins


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Wu-yang Huang, Hong-cheng Zhang, Wen-xu Liu, Chun-yang Li. Survey of antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry in Nanjing[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2012, 2(13): 94-102.

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%T Survey of antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry in Nanjing
%A Wu-yang Huang
%A Hong-cheng Zhang
%A Wen-xu Liu
%A Chun-yang Li
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 13
%N 2
%P 94-102
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer

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T1 - Survey of antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry in Nanjing
A1 - Wu-yang Huang
A1 - Hong-cheng Zhang
A1 - Wen-xu Liu
A1 - Chun-yang Li
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 13
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SN - 1673-565X
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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Abstract: 
berries are a good source of natural antioxidants. In the present study, the total antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of three berry fruits (blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry) cultivated in Nanjing were investigated. Blueberry, with a Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) value of 14.98 mmol Trolox/100 g dry weight (DW), exhibited the strongest total antioxidant capacity using both the 2,2-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) and the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) methods. Blueberry also had the highest total phenolic content (TPC, 9.44 mg gallic acid/g DW), total flavonoid content (TFC, 36.08 mg rutin/g DW), and total anthocyanidin content (TAC, 24.38 mg catechin/g DW). A preliminary analysis using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed that the blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry samples tested contained a range of phenolic acids (including gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, ellagic acid, and cinnamic acid) and various types of flavonoids (flavone: luteolin; flavonols: rutin, myricetin, quercetrin, and quercetin; flavanols: gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, catechin, and catechin gallate; anthocyanidins: malvidin-3-galactoside, malvidin-3-glucoside, and cyanidin). In particular, the blueberries had high levels of proanthocyanidins and anthocyanidins, which might be responsible for their strong antioxidant activities. These results indicate a potential market role for berries (especially blueberries) as a functional food ingredient or nutraceutical.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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