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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B

ISSN 1673-1581(Print), 1862-1783(Online), Monthly

Identification of a novel mutation in a Chinese family with Nance-Horan syndrome by whole exome sequencing

Abstract: Objective: Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS) is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by congenital nuclear cataracts, dental anomalies, and craniofacial dysmorphisms. Mental retardation was present in about 30% of the reported cases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the genetic and clinical features of NHS in a Chinese family. Methods: Whole exome sequencing analysis was performed on DNA from an affected male to scan for candidate mutations on the X-chromosome. Sanger sequencing was used to verify these candidate mutations in the whole family. Clinical and ophthalmological examinations were performed on all members of the family. Results: A combination of exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing revealed a nonsense mutation c.322G>T (E108X) in exon 1 of NHS gene, co-segregating with the disease in the family. The nonsense mutation led to the conversion of glutamic acid to a stop codon (E108X), resulting in truncation of the NHS protein. Multiple sequence alignments showed that codon 108, where the mutation (c.322G>T) occurred, was located within a phylogenetically conserved region. The clinical features in all affected males and female carriers are described in detail. Conclusions: We report a nonsense mutation c.322G>T (E108X) in a Chinese family with NHS. Our findings broaden the spectrum of NHS mutations and provide molecular insight into future NHS clinical genetic diagnosis.

Key words: Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS), Exome sequencing, X-linked disorder

Chinese Summary  <9> 全外显子组测序发现一个中国Nance-Horan综合征家系NHS基因的新突变

研究目的:通过对一个中国Nance-Horan综合征家系的临床表型及基因突变分析,揭示本家系的致病遗传机制。
研究方法:对该Nance-Horan综合征家系的一个男性患者进行全外显子组测序,结合此家系临床表型及遗传方式分析,选定X染色体上NHS基因上的一个无义突变c.322G>T(E108X)为可疑致病突变。通过聚合酶链式反应(PCR)和Sanger测序,对该家系内其他成员进行NHS基因突变分析,同时对50名健康对照者的NHS基因的突变检测结果进行对比。另外,将该突变的位点第108位氨基酸残基进行多物种NHS蛋白内序列比对。最后,对该家系成员眼部及全身的临床特点进行全面检查和分析。
重要结论:全外显子组测序结合Sanger测序发现NHS基因第一个外显子上的c.322G>T(E108X)突变为引起该家系临床病变的突变位点;多物种NHS蛋白内序列比对发现该突变位点第108位氨基酸残基位于高度保守区;临床表型分析发现该家系内存在表型异质性。此家系为国内首次报道的无义突变引起的Nance-Horan综合征家系。

关键词组:Nance-Horan综合征;NHS;外显子测序;X-连锁


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DOI:

10.1631/jzus.B1300321

CLC number:

R776.1

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On-line Access:

2014-08-05

Received:

2013-12-22

Revision Accepted:

2014-06-09

Crosschecked:

2014-07-23

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