Speaker: Ting Wang, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, the University of North Carolina, Greensboro
Tecent Meeting ID: 266 645 227
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America has seen a remarkable crime rate decline since the early 1990s, but women's share of crime paints a distinctive picture, which keeps increasing from the 1960s to this day. Theoretical debates have been incubated along with the rising female crime phenomenon, but no consent has been reached primarily due to the adoption of a simplified gender conceptualization. Synthesizing different schools’ contests and based on multi-layered gender construction, I propose a new theory that ascribes the increasing female crime share to unequal emancipatory advancement between women’s ideological aspirations and institutional means in the post-feminist era. It is proposed that an incommensurate pace in progression inflicts gender-specific deprivation on women, which increases their share of crime. Using ARIMA models, the theory is tested with Uniform Crime Reporting data from 1980 to 2017 across offense types. The findings indicate that mismatched liberation increases the female share of violent and property crimes, especially for adult cohorts and among samples after 1988 when women's ends-means gap is found to be enlarged.